A collection of cartoons that have fallen into the public domain.
A Coy Decoy - Daffy Duck - Ali Baba Bound - Porky Pig - Betty Boop in Blunderland - Betty Boop - Bimbo's Auto - Bimbo -Porky's Cafe - Porky Pig - The Henpecked Duck - Daffy Duck - Falling Hare - Bugs Bunny - The Case of the Missing Hare - Parlez Vous Woo - Popeye - Cooking with Gags - Toyland Caper - Who's Who at the Zoo - Porky Pig
Sequential drawings were made by early caveman and numbered drawings by later civilizations. Early in the 1800s, "persistence of vision" was discovered and devices using this principal developed quickly. In 1892 using mirrors and lenses, Emile Reynaud projected his "pantomimes lumineuses" onto a screen. The images were hand painted on long strips of celluloid. Also popular in this era were "flip-books." The pioneers of animation were influenced by the "flip-books" more than the mechanical devices. Early animators used the widely published motion-study photographs of Muybridge and Marey to create movement.
Emil Cohl and Windsor McCay
Emil Cohl embodied the intellect, imagination, patience and love of drawing that would define the animator's personality. His animation was a cast of stick figures, drawn in white against a black background. Their lines were made of clay so that they could be reshaped between shots.
Windsor McCay represented himself as a modern technician, rather than a nineteenth century stage magician. He believed that animation should be an art form. His animation used exact perspective and his characters always moved true to their form.
The Silent Era
The first animation studios, Raoul Barre, Hearst International, and J. R. Bray, started in New York. Although all three were gone by 1920, they provided the training ground for the future. Usually, animators had to produce a film a week. This intense production schedule led to the simple black-and-white line gag cartoons. Their humor was aimed at adults, rather than children. As with film, sound brought a new direction to animation.
Before 1908, animated films were concerned with camera tricks and special effects which made objects appear to move with a life of their own. Between 1908 and World War I, animation was defined as a cinema genre by Emil Cohl and Winsor McCay. Each gave future animators a unique path to follow.
About Porky Pig
The creation of Porky Pig started with Friz Freleng when he left the Disney Studio and went to Warner Bros. Studio in 1927. "Porky" was the name of a boyhood friend. In 1937, another Warner producer/animator, Bob Clampett redesigned Porky. He downplayed his stammer, and made him cute, snappy, wide-eyed, eager and naive. Porky's character declined during 1940s. He was just too innocent for the War years. Porky's permanent place in history was determined when he was chosen to be the character to stammer "That's All Folks."
About Daffy Duck
Tex Avery at Warner introduced Daffy Duck soon after Porky Pig. Daffy's bezerk antics and wild "WOO-WOO" were a new direction for Warner characters. Daffy's antics were matched by his physical abilities and unstoppable energy. In the 1940s his character acquired a sophistication and mental agility to match his physical agility.
About Betty Boop
Betty Boop was created by Max Fleischer. With the conversion to sound, she was a replacement for his KO-KO the Clown. Betty was the perfect flapper of the 1920s. She flirted and teased, but remained innocent and pure. When the Production Code limiting verbal and visual indecency in Hollywood films passed in 1934, her character had to undergo major revisions. She was clothed more modestly. Gone was her garter! Her new partners were a cute nephew and a dog. Her songs were even changed. Betty Boop was retired in 1939.